All posts by Paul Susic

Paying for Home Health Care: What Do Medicare and Medigap Cover?

Prescribed only by a physician, home health care is skilled nursing care that aids in the recovery from illness, injury, or surgery in the patient’s home. And fortunately for many seniors who are now opting for care at home, Medicare insurance covers most costs related to home health care.

The government, however, has set some limitations on payouts – you are only eligible if you need intermittent care (usually defined as seven days a week or less than eight hours a day over 21 days or less) (1), physical/occupational therapy or speech language pathology; you are homebound; and the home health care agency providing care is approved by your Medicare insurance program.

In addition to medication administration, general supervision, and therapy services, the Medicare home health benefit covers a number of other necessities, including medical aids and supplies to aid in recuperation. On the occasion, though, you may be required to cover some of the costs associated with home health care. But what can you expect to pay out-of-pocket that’s not covered by Medicare dollars?

Medicare Insurance: Part A and Part B

Hospital Insurance (Medicare Part A) helps cover the costs of your inpatient care at hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, or religious non-medical health care establishments. Part A can also help cover hospice and home health care services. Individuals aged 65 and older are usually automatically enrolled in Medicare Part A and do not have to pay a monthly premium if Medicare taxes were paid while working. If you did not pay taxes, you are still eligible, but you will be required to pay a monthly premium.

Medical Insurance (Medicare Part B) helps cover services such as those offered by your physician and outpatient care. Many seniors maintain their enrollment in Part A, but elect not to use Part B, which requires a monthly premium that is dependent upon income, the requirements of which change yearly. Unfortunately, if you didn’t sign up for Part B when you were first eligible for insurance, your premium may be slightly higher (2).
For questions on your Medicare insurance benefits, you should contact 1-800-MEDICARE or read the handbook mailed to you each year entitled “Medicare and You.”

What’s Covered and What’s Not?

Medicare insurance pays for physical and occupational therapy and speech language pathology services, counseling, some medical supplies, durable medical equipment (which must meet coverage criteria), as well as general assistance with daily activities which include dressing, bathing, eating, and toileting. For most other medical equipment, Medicare insurance will cover 80% of its cost (3).However, Medicare will not cover twenty-four hour care at home, meals delivered to your home, and services unrelated to your care such as housekeeping. Of course, as mentioned above, you will be required to pay 20% for medical equipment not fully covered by Medicare insurance such as wheelchairs, walkers, and oxygen tanks (4).In some cases, your home health care agency may present you with a Home Health Advance Beneficiary Notice (HHABN), which, simply put, means if your agency is ceasing your care services, you will be presented with a written statement outlining the supplies and services the agency believes your Medicare insurance benefits will not cover as well as a detailed explanation of why. Should this situation arise, you do have recourse – the HHABN lists directions on acquiring the final decision on payment issues or filing an appeal if Medicare refuses to cover costs for home health care. In the meantime, you should continue receiving home health care services, but keep in mind that you will be paying for these services out-of-pocket until Medicare accepts your claims and remits past expenses.

Medigap and Other Out-of-Pocket Expenses

Medigap, a supplemental insurance policy, is sold privately and covers the services and supplies not paid for by Medicare insurance. When used in conjunction, Medigap and Medicare can often cover a large majority of the costs of your home health care. Insurance companies offer a variety of different Medigap policies (A through L), but since each one comes with specific benefits, you’ll need to compare the highlights closely. Medigap policies vary by cost, and many insurance companies require you to have both Medicare Parts A and B in order to purchase a supplemental plan (5). For seniors with both Part A and Part B Medicare, your home health care situation is usually covered, save for the 20% out-of-pocket expenses for medical equipment. Just remember to keep track of your Medicare insurance benefits (and Medigap if applicable) by verifying with your physician, home health care agency, and insurance representative. Paying for home health care does not have to cost you an arm and a leg, but do be prepared for the occasional (but necessary) out-of-pocket medical expenses.

1. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Medicare and Home Health Care, page 6
3. Ibid.
4. Ibid.

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About the Author:

Jill Gilbert is the President and CEO of Gilbert Guide, a comprehensive website helping seniors and their loved ones find a senior care provider along with extensive tools and resources to solve the challenges of aging. She is the author of “Leading by Example,” a monthly column in McKnight’s Long-Term Care News, the chief industry publication for long-term care providers. Jill has been interviewed for a CBS News special, was a key presenter at the Pennsylvania Assisted Living Association’s annual conference, and was recently interviewed on San Francisco TalkBack. Gilbert Guide was founded on the concept that quality matters, and its primary goal is to educate consumers on a breadth of senior care issues. Visit for a comprehensive provider database, expert advice, and quality assessment tools that help consumers conduct their own “expert” evaluations of providers.

Finding the Best Nursing Home

Finding the Best Nursing Home

Making the decision to put ourselves or a loved one into a nursing home is one of the hardest we face. Placing somebody in one of these facilities is rarely the ideal situation and can be emotionally draining. It is important to us that we take care of our families as they have taken care of us, and negative media coverage, as well as social stigma regarding nursing homes make facing this dilemma even more troublesome.

In addition to considering all of the negative news coverage, one must also take into account several other factors, such as nursing home staff, quality, environment, and life. There are so many options from which to choose that, at first, making an informed decision may seem impossible. Just knowing whether to choose a nonprofit nursing home, private nursing homes or a chain can be a daunting task. Fortunately, there are tools available to us that can help us ensure that we are making the best choice.

When beginning your search you should also consider and special needs you or your loved one may have and find the facilities that are best equipped to handle those needs. Does your loved one need skilled care which allows them access to Medicaid which is accepted by most nursing home chains? Or would you prefer a private-pay or nonprofit facility? Figuring out the answer to this question can help you narrow the field of possibilities.

Once you’ve figured out which type of facility you prefer you can begin contacting these types of nursing homes near you. Before scheduling visits, you should narrow your search even further by conducting phone interviews. When calling get the answers to important questions like: “What’s your staff turnover rate?”, “Do you offer skilled care?”, “How much can I expect to spend with your facility?” Asking these questions will help you to figure out which facilities you would like to tour.

While touring a facility it is important to remember that cleanliness is more important than newness. Although a nursing home may be brand new or may have recently been renovated, the cost the entity has incurred is normally passed on to you. A long standing facility that is clean is more likely the best choice.

Long standing homes are also more likely to have staff that have been with the facility for many years. A nursing care home with staff members that have worked there for a long time points to job satisfaction; satisfied employees usually enjoy working with the residents and are likely to administer higher quality care. Perhaps the most important thing to us when we look into an assisted living facility is making sure that our loved one is well taken care of.

You can ensure that your loved one is getting the fairest treatment by becoming familiar with the rights of residents. Nursing homes across the United States must honor the Resident’s Bill of Rights according to federal law. This bill includes but is not limited to the right to: information about one’s medical condition, choose one’s own physician, manage one’s own personal finances, privacy, dignity and respect, be free from abuse and unnecessary restraint, voice grievance without retaliation, no unfounded discharge or transfer, be allowed visitors and to control visits, and legal counsel. All nursing homes in the United States are required to make the Resident’s Bill of Rights available at all times to residents and their families. For a complete list of these rights you should be sure to ask for a copy at any of the nursing care homes you visit.

Making the decision to place yourself or a loved on into a nursing home does not have to be a bad experience. There are many options available and with a little bit of research it is easy to become educated enough to make the best choice possible. Nursing home life can be fulfilling, so long as we or our loved ones are properly cared for. Be sure to check into your options thoroughly, doing this will to ensure that you have chosen a clean facility with a low staff turnover rate; a facility that regularly schedules activities for the residents outside of the campus, and which adheres to the Resident’s Bill of Rights, easy. 

About the Author:

Jennifer Carnduff Narrates beautifully the complete picture of the nursing home and pain is unavoidable yet can be constructive if treated on time in Nursing homes.
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Webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist  

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Aging and the “Fountain of Youth” by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist

Aging introduction:

Aging information in the form of books, videos and the Internet abound, providing information about how you can stay young and live longer.  Almost everyone is interested in a long life and looking and feeling younger.  However, Ponce De Leone no longer lives, traveling the land in search of the “fountain of youth”.  Instead, the aging process is being studied intensively by researchers looking at genes, cells, hormones, eating patterns and other factors that give a clue of what causes aging and how it can be prevented or delayed. 

Aging: Three strategies to reduce the effects 

Researchers on aging have continued to identify three strategies that help people live longer and healthier.  The strategies include exercising, following certain types of diets and eating fewer calories.

Almost everyone is aware of the benefits of exercise and recognize that people who exercise are healthier than those who do not.  Exercise contributes many health benefits including improving and maintaining the ability to function, helping to sustain a healthy level of weight and preventing or postponing various disorders such as diabetes and coronary artery disease.
Aging studies have also concluded that people who eat a low-fat diet which includes fruits and vegetables are much healthier than people who eat a diet higher in fat and starch.  It has been found that people who live in the Mediterranean countries and consume the so-called Mediterranean diet seem to live longer.  This diet is believed to be healthier then the diets of individuals living in northern Europe and America, as it consists of more grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish and less red meat.  Also, the main fat consumed is olive oil which contains many vitamins and monounsaturated fat rather than saturated fat.  Monounsaturated fats do not increase cholesterol levels like the saturated fats do and seem to have little negative effect on the aging process.
Aging has also been found to be affected by a low-calorie diet in general.  A low-calorie diet over your lifetime may lead to a longer life as it tends to reduce the number of certain damaging substances in your body.  Research on the aging process continues to find that these substances, called free radicals, are the natural byproducts of normal cellular activity. The damage done to cells by free radicals is considered to contribute to such disorders as coronary artery disease and cancer.

Utilizing these three strategies to reduce the effects of aging would require a change in lifestyle for most people.  However, many people in our society look for shorter and easier ways to prevent or slow the aging process.  Some, for example, try to manage free radicals using antioxidant vitamins such as vitamins C and E.  Some people take large amounts of these vitamins in the form of supplements in the hope of slowing the aging process.  Other antioxidants such as beta-carotene (a form of vitamin A), are also frequently taken.  In theory, the use of antioxidants to reduce aging actually makes sense.  However, current studies have not found that high doses of the antioxidants prevent or slow the aging process. 

Aging is also affected by decreases in certain hormones.  Some people try to delay or slow the aging process by taking supplements of these hormones including testosterone, estrogen, DHEA, human growth hormone and melatonin.  However, whether hormonal supplements actually affect the aging process is still to be determined.  Also, some of these supplements have known health risks. 

Some people have a belief that some of the Eastern practices such as yoga, tai chi and qigong can slow the aging process.  These practices are based upon holistic theory that health involves the whole person including the physical, emotional, mental and spiritual components, which need to be kept in balance.  These practices also may include relaxation, breathing techniques, diet, meditation and exercise. These practices are safe for older people and probably will increase the level of health.  But, whether these practices actually affect the aging process still need to be determined. 

Some information from The Merck Manual of Health of Aging 

Additional information and article by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist (Health Psychology) 

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 Advice For Seniors – Working Your Way Through Retirement     

Caring for the elderly can be daunting and challenging at times. It is something to that everybody has something to worry about sometime. Everyone gets old in each and every family, and at the very least, most people have a relative of an advanced age. This stage poses a lot of uncertainty and behavioral change that the person himself/herself is unaware and can hardly control.

1. Theory on Behavioral Change Among Elderly

Each of life’s stages are characterized by unprecedented behavioral change. Your preferences in food, color, clothing style, company, music genre, etc are mostly affected. In a latest study, it was found that people periodically change in their preferential course of life, including aspirations approximately every 7 years. Just as how complex this change in the early life are as complicated when one turns into old age. People may find elderly people annoying but these behaviors are a result of various physiological processes occurring in their body as they approach such age. Many may have seemed to develop resentment on an activity that they previously enjoy. They develop resistance to many things such as loud sounds, discomfort on almost anything, incontinence, and apparent withdrawal from the society. Understanding these queer behaviors and how they arise will provide you valuable information that you can use in tailoring the kind of care needed for your elders.

2. Tips on Caring for Seniors

While geriatric care managers are the expert in the provision of health care among elderly, everyone can empower themselves to be equipped with the right training and knowledge in geriatric (referring to old, elderly) and better assist aging members of your household such as your grandparents and parents, and older siblings. Below are the lists of useful tips on how you can better assist our elders as they embark on this stage of life with full of challenges and uncertainties and assist elderly on protecting themselves, physically (health matters), financially and legally on everything that concerns your assets.

3. Be Completely Absorbed

People who have had experience taking care older adults, especially the caregivers and other geriatric care managers, considers giving a “piece” of yourself into a health care program designed for such individuals. More than ever, accompanying them in this critical stage provides them with enough relief with all dramatic changes they are experiencing physically.

4. Secure Health Care Insurance

As you age, you will be more prone to diseases. Your body will become more vulnerable to diseases. You tend to develop illness that do not normally occur in healthy, young people. Because of this, more and more people are paying closer attention to the quality of medical or health insurance they enroll to and make sure that it covers programs expected when one reach old age. Review carefully your health insurance policy and make sure you understand the entire terms of service programs stipulated in it.

5. Financial Care for Elders

As we reach retirement age, you will be more or less dependent upon your retirement pensions unless you have acquired a business of your own. This leaves you little flexibility in the amount of income or budget you will get for a month but this very same financial rigidity empowers or teaches you to limit your spending to an amount that is appropriated for you for a specific length of time.

6. Elder Care Law

The government dutifully protects senior citizens’ rights and extends support for elderly who still can manage to take care of their own and during the time that they need other else’s supervision in the performance of daily activities such as cooking, bathing, feeding, taking medications and leisurely walks, etc. It is important to note that legal provisions vary from state to state and that the help of a professional family law or elder care law attorney should be consulted.

7. Relegating Power of Attorney

Power of attorney is a legal right whereby an individual is granted certain rights to act as a representative of someone in the performance of a certain legal actions or decisions. Elder individuals become less able to dealing with affairs concerning their assets, including financial, monetary, and estate affairs. It is about giving someone the authority to do the affairs for you especially when you reach the stage where you can no longer perform these activities yourself.

About the Author:
Get great pregnancy and baby advice at You’ll find excellent tips to help you fight all sorts of pregnancy “discomforts” like morning sickness and crankiness.


Weight Control for Seniors: Why now at my age?

Weight Control for Seniors: Why now at my age?
Weight control for seniors: An overview

Weight control for seniors focuses on the various complications related to obesity or excessive weight that frequently impact upon your health. The frequent focus of weight control for seniors is on the your general health as well as various medical conditions such as coronary heart disease, osteoarthritis, high blood pressure and gall bladder disease. These disease conditions are second only to smoking as a cause of preventable death among the elderly. Various studies have concluded that even a reduction of  between 5% and 15% of body weight may significantly decrease the risk of these medical problems if you’re either overweight or obese. Some experts actually believe that weight loss may not only reduce the incidence and severity of these diseases but may actually result in reversing the disease progression, which should be an added incentive for weight control for seniors.

Weight control for seniors: Are we there yet?

Although there is significant publicity about the multitude of health risks associated with being overweight and the spending of billions of dollars on products to make people thinner, many Americans are significantly overweight or obese. Some individuals have been more attentive to all the warnings and have significantly cut back on their level of dietary fat. Even studies as far back as 1997 had found that many Americans had reduced their consumption of total fat by approximately 6%, between 1987 and 1992. While this had resulted in achieving an average intake of approximately 36% of the total calories in fat, the amount recommended by most experts is about 30% or less of total calories consumed.

Although there has been some progress, way too many Americans continue to be either overweight or obese. Unfortunately, these statistics have continued to rise significantly since the 1980’s. A much more recent and ongoing study by the National Health and Nutrition Examination (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has found that an estimated 61% of US adults are either overweight or obese. Their obesity or overweight status was defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or more. The large proportion of Americans who are actually defined as obese is even more concerning in that between 1980 and 1999, the percentage of obese individuals has almost doubled from about 15% of the population to approximately 27%.  Obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than or equal to 30.

Another huge concern is that obesity seems to be rising among all segments of the American population in addition to the elderly, including individuals from all ethnic backgrounds and especially among children and adolescents. Also, another very unsettling fact is that the obesity epidemic is not limited only to Americans but is increasing worldwide with the increased urbanization of the world’s population. Weight control for seniors and individuals from all age groups as well as ethnicities has now become a global problem.

Some information adapted from The Johns Hopkins Medical Guide to Health After 50 Webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist 

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Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis, Missouri:

Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis, Missouri:

Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis and St. Charles, Missouri: An Overview

Psychological evaluations for disability in St. Charles, Missouri are provided by specially trained doctoral level psychologists which will assist individuals, attorneys and parties such as the Social Security Administration to determine the extent of work limitations eligibility for Social Security disability or Worker’s Compensation benefits. These psychological evaluations are conducted to assess such factors as the extent of emotional or psychological difficulty, memory impairment or difficulty learning by psychologists at Susic Psychological Consulting P.C. and Senior Care Psychological Consulting in the St. Charles, Missouri. The goal of the disability evaluation is to assess an individual’s ability to engage in substantial gainful employment and/or the fulfillment of activities of daily living. Individuals are assessed on a number of psychological factors including emotional stability, energy, cognitive impairment, psychosis and many others. These evaluations are necessary to determine if there are factors that contribute to the deterioration in an individual’s ability to engage in substantial gainful employment and successfully function in their lives.

Since the 1930’s, federal government programs have funded “income maintenance” programs to provide assistance to individuals who have developed some type of mental or physical disability or are unable to engage in substantial, gainful employment. These psychological evaluations for disability in St. Charles, Missouri have become an integral part of the determination process of whether disability is present resulting in an impairment, limiting an individual’s ability to work and function adequately.

Psychological Evaluations: Medical and Psychological Concerns:

Anxiety Disorders
Arthritis and joint damage
Back injuries
Bipolar Disorder
Congestive Heart Failure
Chronic Fatigue
Crohn’s Disease
Cystic Fibrosis
Hearing impairments
Hepatitis C Liver Disease
Ischemic Heart Disease
Lung disease
Multiple Sclerosis

What do these psychological evaluations for disability involve?

Disability evaluations look at a variety of psychological factors that may include but are not limited to emotional stability or mood, memory, energy, emotional liability, cognitive impairments or psychosis. These evaluations consider if any of these factors may contribute to deterioration in an individual’s ability to engage in substantial, gainful employment and overall functioning. They will consider whether an individual has a restriction of activities of daily living, or have difficulties in maintaining social functioning with others, and/or deficiencies in concentration and persistence which may result in the failure to complete work tasks or have a substantial negative impact in work situations, which may cause an individual to withdraw from these situations. If you experience these limitations in your ability to work and provide substantial employment for you and your loved ones, you should contact a disability attorney who may direct you through the disability process or contact Susic Psychological Consulting  P.C. (Senior Care Psychological Consulting) at (636) 300-9922 or email at for a psychological evaluation for disability.

Senior Care Psychological Consulting  office location:
500 Huber Park Ct. Suite 205
Weldon Spring, MO 63304

See Related:

Senior Care Psychological Consulting
Psychologist Home Visits
Psychologist Job (Help Wanted) in St. Louis, Missouri

Psychologist Job (Help Wanted) in St. Louis, Missouri

Psychologist Job (Help Wanted) in St. Louis, Missouri
Psychologist jobs in St. Louis, MO: Counseling and Assessment and/or Psychological Testing

Part-time psychologist job can become full-time if desired. 

Excellent jobs with exceptional pay are now available for doctoral level psychologists in St. Louis, Missouri. Senior Care Psychological Consulting is looking for  psychologists in the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area and surrounding counties to provide part-time/full-time counseling, assessment and/or psychological testing services to geriatric patients and individuals with long-term chronic medical/mental health issues. Experienced individuals are preferred but will train individuals with the right aptitude and personality. Psychological services are provided in the areas of counseling and assessment as well as testing for individuals with the appropriate background. 

Excellent compensation will be provided, twice monthly, without having to wait for billing cycles or the risk of nonpayment.  Average hourly rates are usually between $70.00 – $114.00. This is an excellent opportunity for an individual who is interested in learning or continuing their experience in geriatric psychology.  You may contact Paul Susic Ph.D Licensed Psychologist at (636) 300-9922 or may e-mail me at  for more information, or to express your interest. Senior Care Psychological is an equal opportunity employer.

Webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D.Licensed Psychologist  

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Senior Care Psychological Consulting
Psychologist Home Visits
Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis, Missouri


Psychologist Home Visits in St. Louis, Missouri

Psychologist home visits in the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area?
Yes! As unbelievable as it sounds, psychologists will make home visits in the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area.

Psychologist home visits: An Overview

Psychologist home visits in St. Louis, Missouri are now available through Senior Care Psychological Consulting. Senior Care Psychological Consulting is the only strictly doctoral level psychologist practice in the St. Louis, MO metropolitan area. We are proud and excited to announce home visits to include psychological assessment, counseling, psychological testing and neuropsychological evaluation services in patient’s homes throughout the metropolitan St. Louis, Missouri area. 

These psychological services are provided by experienced and professional doctoral level licensed psychologists to homebound seniors and individuals with chronic medical and mental illnesses.  No longer does a lack of transportation or immobility have to preclude your loved ones from receiving the mental health services that they may really need. Services are provided under Medicare, Medicaid and various private insurers such as Blue Cross Blue Shield , AARP and United Healthcare.

Services are supervised and sometimes provided by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist as well as various members of his professional senior psychological staff. 

Get the assistance that you, your loved one or patient need for problem depression, anxiety, stress, anger issues, assessment for memory problems and various other mental health related issues now. We welcome referrals from individuals, senior and home health care agencies, as well as medical and mental health professionals, senior apartments and long term care facilities. Simply call (636) 300-9922 today. You may also reach us online by e-mailing   (Re: Referral Info.)

We welcome the opportunity to provide psychologist home visits in St. Louis, Missouri and would look forward to your call.

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Senior Care Psychological Consulting
Psychologist Job (Help Wanted) in St. Louis, Missouri
Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis, Missouri

Senior Care Psychological Consulting in St. Charles, Missouri

The Only Strictly Doctoral Psychology Practice in St. Louis, Missouri

Senior Care Psychological Consulting is the premier provider of doctoral level geropsychology services for the metropolitan St. Louis, Missouri area.  Senior Care Psychological Consulting is a specialty geriatric psychology practice providing psychological assessment, mental health counseling services, psychological testing,  neuropsychological evaluation and disability evaluation to the elderly and chronic mentally ill in an office-based practice in St. Charles, Missouri. We also provide in- home services as well as providing services in nursing homes and other long term care facilities throughout the metropolitan St. Louis, Missouri area.

Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist and Senior Care Psychological Consulting

Senior Care Psychological was founded by Paul Susic Ph.D Licensed Psychologist who has been providing mental health services to the senior community for well over two decades.  Paul developed one of the first exclusively geriatric psychiatric Partial Hospital programs in the St. Louis area, which he managed for approximately five years as the Program Manager at the former Incarnate Word Hospital.  He also created and developed a whole continuum of outpatient mental health services which he also managed at Incarnate Word Hospital.  He later was promoted to Director of the Department of Psychiatry of Incarnate Word Hospital, which he left in December, 1999 to begin a full-time geropsychology practice.

Paul Susic and Senior Care Psychological Counseling have continued their commitment to providing high-quality psychological assessment and mental health counseling services to the senior community.  Senior Care specializes in providing psychological counseling and assessment services, psychological testing and neuropsychological evaluation in- home, in nursing homes and long-term care facilities throughout the metropolitan St. Louis area and also in an office based practice in St. Charles, Missouri.  All services are provided under the direction of Dr.Susic who is the Clinical Director.  Mental health assessments, testing as well as assessments for cognitive (memory) functioning and need for long-term placement are also available at senior care.

Please feel free to call and ask for Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist, and he will be pleased to assist you in any way possible.  He may be reached at his office at (636) 300-9922 for local calls, or  or he may also be reached by e-mail at

Senior Care Psychological Consulting   500 Huber Park Ct. Suite 205, Weldon Spring, MO 63304

Information and webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist 

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Psychologist Home Visits
Psychologist Job (Help Wanted) in St. Louis, Missouri
Psychological Evaluations for Disability in St. Louis, Missouri

Dementia Types

Dementia is not defined as a disease, but rather many symptoms that result from a neurological impairment which can be caused by a number of different diseases. There are different stages of dementia. Mild or early stages of dementia are occasionally confused with pseudo-dementia, which usually proves to be depression.

The importance of this is that depression is reversible and dementia generally is not curable. Early detection of neurological diseases or problems in the nervous system are pivotal in controlling the symptoms of dementia. Family members and friends can also play a crucial role in assisting with the diagnosis and treatment of dementia types.

Often the onset of dementia is slow and initial symptoms may be overlooked or dismissed as personality quirks or changes. Keeping notes of actions or behaviors that seem to be peculiar may help in early detection.
What Are the Symptoms?
·         Memory loss seems to be the first and often most noticeable characteristic.
·         Depression often occurs and there can be difficulty in controlling moods.
·         At times there is no recognition of familiar faces or locations.
·         Inability to retain new information.
·         Hallucinations.
·         Suspicion and paranoia.

The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia affects the following areas of the brain: language, memory, decision-making, and learning. Dementia types vary because different diseases affect certain areas of the brain. There are approximately fifty other causes of dementia, two of which are Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. Illnesses that do not originate in the brain, such as kidney disease, can also lead to the development of dementia.

What is the Treatment?

The type of treatment for all dementia types greatly depends on the stage of the disease and occasionally what the origin is the disease is.
·         A well-balanced diet will improve or maintain an overall healthy lifestyle. There is little evidence to suggest any particular foods that aid in improvement for specific symptoms of dementia, but will contribute to better health.
·         Occasionally medication is prescribed to those patients struggling with sleep disorders, depression, or anxiety.
·         Monitoring diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol all contribute to minimizing symptoms of dementia.
·         Tools for remembering simple facts and activities are beneficial for dementia patients such as calendars, to-do lists, and instructional notes distributed throughout an individuals home.  

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can help minimize progressive symptoms of dementia. Medications can be prescribed to control development of further Alzheimer’s symptoms, which in turn protect those areas of the brain and minimize the contributions toward dementia. While dementia is related to parts of the brain, nervous system diseases also supply symptoms quite similar to those of dementia. The central nervous system controls areas such as depression, sleeping, and thinking, which all can be adverse symptoms of multiple dementia types.

About the Author:
Ian Pennington is an accomplished niche website developer and author. To learn more about Dementia Types, please visit Alzheimer’s Treatments Today for current articles and discussions.
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