Tag Archives: memory

Dementia Types







Dementia is not defined as a disease, but rather many symptoms that result from a neurological impairment which can be caused by a number of different diseases. There are different stages of dementia. Mild or early stages of dementia are occasionally confused with pseudo-dementia, which usually proves to be depression.




The importance of this is that depression is reversible and dementia generally is not curable. Early detection of neurological diseases or problems in the nervous system are pivotal in controlling the symptoms of dementia. Family members and friends can also play a crucial role in assisting with the diagnosis and treatment of dementia types.

Often the onset of dementia is slow and initial symptoms may be overlooked or dismissed as personality quirks or changes. Keeping notes of actions or behaviors that seem to be peculiar may help in early detection.
What Are the Symptoms?
·         Memory loss seems to be the first and often most noticeable characteristic.
·         Depression often occurs and there can be difficulty in controlling moods.
·         At times there is no recognition of familiar faces or locations.
·         Inability to retain new information.
·         Hallucinations.
·         Suspicion and paranoia.

The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia affects the following areas of the brain: language, memory, decision-making, and learning. Dementia types vary because different diseases affect certain areas of the brain. There are approximately fifty other causes of dementia, two of which are Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. Illnesses that do not originate in the brain, such as kidney disease, can also lead to the development of dementia.

What is the Treatment?

The type of treatment for all dementia types greatly depends on the stage of the disease and occasionally what the origin is the disease is.
·         A well-balanced diet will improve or maintain an overall healthy lifestyle. There is little evidence to suggest any particular foods that aid in improvement for specific symptoms of dementia, but will contribute to better health.
·         Occasionally medication is prescribed to those patients struggling with sleep disorders, depression, or anxiety.
·         Monitoring diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol all contribute to minimizing symptoms of dementia.
·         Tools for remembering simple facts and activities are beneficial for dementia patients such as calendars, to-do lists, and instructional notes distributed throughout an individuals home.  

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can help minimize progressive symptoms of dementia. Medications can be prescribed to control development of further Alzheimer’s symptoms, which in turn protect those areas of the brain and minimize the contributions toward dementia. While dementia is related to parts of the brain, nervous system diseases also supply symptoms quite similar to those of dementia. The central nervous system controls areas such as depression, sleeping, and thinking, which all can be adverse symptoms of multiple dementia types.

About the Author:
Ian Pennington is an accomplished niche website developer and author. To learn more about Dementia Types, please visit Alzheimer’s Treatments Today for current articles and discussions.
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Senior Moments: Staved off through education?







“Senior moments”, as popularly described by many elderly, and as “cognitive decline” by the medical and mental health community, may be much more preventable than many realize.  Two surveys conducted in 1993 and 2002 “support the idea that more education is protective against cognitive decline” according to Dr. Kenneth M. Langa, as reported to Reuters health. 




In this important “senior moment” research, Dr. Langa of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, found that between the 1993 and 2002 surveys there was a nearly 30% decline in cognitive impairment while the average education level rose by 1 year between the studies conducted approximately a decade apart. 

Researchers considered demographic, lifestyle and medical information as well as various cognitive measures such as knowledge, language, orientation, mental processing, and memory among participants in the Health and Retirement Study which had 7406 participants in the 1983 study and 7104 in the 2002 survey.  Dr. Langa reported in the journal of Alzheimer’s and Dementia that the average age of the two groups was 78 years old, was primarily white, 40% male, and about half were living with their spouse. 

“Senior moments” research results: 

Researchers found that approximately 12.2% of the participants had cognitive impairment in 1993.  By 2002, the rates of these “senior moments” or cognitive decline, slipped to a rate of 8.7%.  Interestingly enough, the 2002 respondents also reported significantly greater net worth than the 1993 respondents, in addition to achieving more education.  Dr. Langa stated in an interview with Reuter’s Health, that “higher levels of wealth likely lead to more or better educational opportunities and better access to health care.” 

Investigators also found that among individuals who had moderate to severe cognitive impairment, there was also a higher mortality rate among individuals in the 2002 study.  The implication may be that while education may be protective, when it occurs the cognitive decline may be more severe and carry a greater risk of death. 

The conclusion reached by some experts as a result of this research is that improvements in education and mental stimulation during leisure and work activities may have an impact upon individual’s health, possibly reducing the incidence and severity of these “senior moments”.  Obviously, research will need to continue in order to come to more conclusive analysis about the impact of mental stimulation on cognitive impairment or what many famously refer to as “senior moments”.  

Information adapted from Alzheimer’s and Dementia, online February 20, 2008

Additional Information and webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist